Registered childcare should provide a fun, safe and welcoming place for your child to play and learn. Parents use childcare so that they can work, or to give their child extra learning and social experiences. As well as childcare for children under 5, parents often use it for school-aged children before and after school or during the school holidays.
Our guidance should help you understand your options so that you can find the right childcare for you and your child.
What is registered childcare?
Registered childcare means that the provider is registered with and inspected by Ofsted to look after children.
Find out more about registered and non-registered childcare.
Find information about the age range of children in different childcare settings:
Age ranges for registered childcare settings.
|Registered childcare provider
||Age range (this varies between providers)
||from birth to 14 years old
||from birth to school age
|Pre-school or playgroup
||age 2 or 3 to school age
||age 3 to 14 years old
Why use registered childcare?
Only registered childcare providers can charge for caring for children under the age of 8 for more than 2 hours a day away from the child's home.
All registered childcare providers have to meet the same standards of care and learning for children. They are inspected in the same way to judge how effectively then can do that. Registered childcare providers can all provide opportunities for children to:
Registered childcare providers can choose to register to offer funding to help with the cost of childcare.
All registered childcare providers have:
- checks to make sure they're safe and suitable to work with children
- opportunities to complete qualifications and training to meet the needs of all children
- first aid training
- public liability insurance
We offer support and training for people working in childcare, thinking about registering or getting a job in childcare.
What is a childminder?
- looks after children in their own home
- works with small groups of children
- takes children on activities such as going to the park, beach or library
- prepares younger children for school
- care for children of all ages, including siblings of different ages
- offer before or after school or holiday care for older children up to the age of 14
- choose their own opening times but can usually be flexible
Childminders can care for up to 6 children under the age of 8 at any time. Three of these can be under 5 years old and of these, one can be under 12 months old. They are allowed to some exceptions, but only if Ofsted agree. They can work with up to 2 other people at any time, but most childminders work alone.
What are nurseries, pre-schools and playgroups?
Nurseries, pre-schools and playgroups:
- prepare younger children for school
- allocate key workers for each child
- sometimes offer out-of-school care for older children
They must have a certain ratio of staff per child. This varies depending on the ages of the children they're caring for.
- care for children from birth until they start school
- offer care for 48 to 52 weeks a year
- open between 8am to 6pm
Pre-schools and playgroups usually:
- care for children from the age of 2 until they start school
- offer care during term time and close during school holidays
- open for at least one 3-hour session per day, some may offer longer sessions