Heath / farmland mosaic
The Heath/Farmland landscape type is found largely on the fringes of the wider ‘Poole Basin’, an extensive area of former heathland on acidic and impoverished soils.
- mosaic of mixed farmland, heathland and scrub which creates a patchwork landscape.
- generally flat landform, which drains to the adjacent river basins.
- heavily influenced and fragmented by urban and urban fringe land uses such as industrial, commercial & leisure uses as well as transport corridors, quarrying, power lines and ‘horsiculture’.
- some large areas of open heath and small fragmented pockets.
- straight roads and lanes often lined with thick hedges.
- mixed agriculture with some areas of estate farmland.
- woodland and plantations create key features, which helps to integrate development.
- Winfrith Technology Centre creates an adverse impact
The Heath/Farmland Mosaic type is a transitional area between the chalk landscapes, river valleys and other heathland landscape types. It is generally a flat mixed farmed area interspersed with a mosaic of heathland and scrub which all combine to create a patchwork landscape. The farmed landscape does include some intensive estate managed farmland where the medium sized fields have dense hedges and some important hedgerow trees and small copses. There are some reasonably expansive islands of open heathland such as at Winfrith Heath and Tadnoll Nature reserve as well as smaller fragmented pockets across the area. It is impacted on by transport corridors, mineral extraction, other urban developments, such as recreational /leisure/retail centres and urban fringe land uses which all fragment the area creating a disjointed perception particularly in the east of the county where the urban edges abut the landscape. Stand alone settlements vary from picturesque villages such as West Knighton to ‘growth’ villages such Crossways. There are a number of important elevated areas such as at Dudsbury Hill and Whitcombe Hill, which form key local landscape features. The plantations and tree belts across the area also form key features and do help to soften urban edges and uses in places. The scale and prominence of Winfrith Technology Centre near Wool creates a significant visual impact across a wide area.
The overall management objective for the Heath/Farmland Landscape Type should be to reduce heathland fragmentation, control and enhance urban fringe uses and hard edges, manage and enhance al existing tree belts and promote informal recreation.
Key land management guidance notes
- consider opportunities to reduce heathland fragmentation by carrying out appropriate heathland restoration/creation for example by the phased removal of wood/scrub/forestry which is of minimal visual benefit in screening unsightly uses and/or that which has little biodiversity value.
- maximise opportunities for informal recreation in areas of woodland.
- promote heathland grazing management.
- manage and enhance existing conifer & broadleaved tree belts, which help to screen and integrate urban uses.
- soften hard and intrusive urban and urban fringe edges to reduce their landscape and visual impact e.g. through small scale broadleaved native planting and/or via natural regeneration.
- promote/encourage/enforce enhancement to the setting of selected mineral excavations and operating plants and in particular their access points onto highways.
- maintain and enhance area as a physical open space area between sensitive heathland habitats and urban/suburban areas.
- control and manage urban fringe uses such as ‘horsiculture’ to reduce their landscape and visual impacts e.g. through careful design & site planning, planning policy development and/or voluntary codes of practice.
- promote/encourage the production of a comprehensive Landscape Design/Management Restoration Masterplan for Winfrith Technology Centre.