EU citizens will no longer automatically be entitled to register, vote or stand for election.
Two groups of EU citizens will keep these rights:
- "qualifying EU citizens", who come from countries which have reciprocal agreements with the UK (currently this is Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal and Spain) and who have '"leave to remain" in the UK or who do not need "leave to remain" in the UK. A reciprocal agreement means that the same rules apply in both the UK and that country - for example, a Spanish citizen in the UK could vote or stand for election in the UK, and a UK citizen in Spain could vote or stand for election in Spain
- "EU citizens with retained rights", who were living in the UK before 1 January 2021 (before the UK left the EU)
These changes, which are expected to take effect after the May 2024 elections, will apply to all local elections and referendums in England, all elections for council and combined authority mayors, and Police and Crime Commissioner elections.